"The Job was Big, but the Man Doing it was Bigger": The Forgotten Role of Thomas B. Watters in Klamath Termination, 1953-1958
Matthew Villeneuve argues that "much of the history of Klamath termination can be understood as a story that hinged on whose voices were the loudest, whose voices decision makers believed spoke on behalf of others, and whose voices were silenced entirely." In 1955, Thomas B. Watters became a Management Specialist charged with overseeing the Tribes' separation from the federal government and, as such, his voice was disproportionately loud. Rather than use his position to silence Klamath concerns, however, he joined calls to Congress to revise the terms of the Tribes' separation. Studying Watters's role "offers compelling support for the understanding of termination as a program not of emancipation but of abandonment."
Hitting the Trail: Live Displays of Native American, Filipino, and Japanese People at the Portland World's Fair
by Emily Trafford
The Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition —held in Portland, Oregon, between June 1 and October 15, 1905 —garnered over one and a half million visits, paying tribute to the nation's westward expansion and new commercial and immigration ties to Asia. At the world's fair, visitors experienced a series of live-display concessions that included Native Americans, Filipino, and Japanese performers dressed in costume and participating in "sensational ceremonies." Emily Trafford explores those live displays and argues that they "were important cultural arenas for the perpetuation and rehearsal of racism." She explains: "Rather than providing an object and definitive lesson on a particular nation or populace, the concessions worked together to create a site at which white supremacy could be exercised in its various and changeable forms."