Oregon Roma (Gypsies): A Hidden History (Winter 2017)
by Carol Silverman
Roma have resided in Oregon since the early twentieth century, however, many Oregonians know little about the community beyond “gypsy” stereotypes. Although Romani people arrived in the state from Europe, most Oregonians treated them as non-White outsiders. In this research article, Carol Silverman describes the history of Roma in Oregon — immigrants that are often ignored by scholars — and “highlight[s] the tension between continuous discrimination and the challenge of keeping Romani language and culture vibrant.” Through strong family and community ties and selective integration, Romani remain resilient.
The Earliest American Map of the Northwest Coast: John Hoskins’s A Chart of the Northwest Coast of America Sketched on board the Ship Columbia Rediviva . . . 1791 & 1792 (Summer 2017)
by James V. Walker and William L. Lang
Between 1790 and 1793, John Hoskins created a map of the Northwest Coast of North America that included ninety-one place names documenting Native communities. The map is the earliest example of such detailed documentation by an American and was rediscovered in 1852 at the Cartographic Archives Division of the National Archives and Records Administration. In this research article, James Walker and William Lang provide a historical context for the map, including comparative charts that break down the Native names that Hoskins documented into seven cultural groups. According to Walker and Lang, the map “opens a window to what American traders knew, what they perceived about the region, and what they may have understood about the Native landscape.”