2007 Joel Palmer Award


“Cast Aside the Automobile Enthusiast:” Class Conflict, Tax Policy, and the Preservation of Nature in Progressive-Era Portland
Summer 2006

by Lawrence M. Lipin 

During the early twentieth century, Oregon game officials and tourism promoters promoted use of taxpayer money to pave scenic highways and to regulate fishing and hunting as sport activities, which, as historian Lawrence M. Lipin finds, led trade unionists and rural workers to fight what they saw as consolidation of elite power. Workers and rural “producers” worked to implement policies — such as a single tax on land, whether it was being held as investment or being developed — that rewarded labor rather than capitol. Lipin uses trade union meeting minutes and publications, newspaper reports, and new state conservation agencies’ publications to explore the intricacies of the debate over proper use of land, and he explores how intellectual works such as Henry George’s Progress and Poverty influenced statewide leaders, including attorney William S. U’Ren.

Lawrence M. Lipin is professor of history at Pacific University in Forest Grove, Oregon. He received his Ph.D. from UCLA and has taught at Pacific Unviersity for fourteen years. He has written two books, Producers, Proletarians, and Politicians: Workers and Party Politics in Evansville and New Albany, Indiana, 1850–87 (1994) and Workers and the Wild: Conservation, Consumerism, and Labor in Oregon, 1910–1930 (forthcoming, University of Illinois Press).

Honorable Mentions

‘A Most Daring Outrage’: Murders at Chinese Massacre Cove, 1887 
Fall 2006

by R. Gregory Nokes

R. Gregory Nokes tells the story of the murder of as many as thirty-four Chinese miners by a gang of seven horse thieves at a place in Hells Canyon, which has been designated “Chinese Massacre Cove” by the Oregon Geographic Names Board. Drawing on recently uncovered primary material, Nokes patches together the tale of the crime and the acquittal of three gang members who were arrested and charged with murder and places the events in the global context of relationships between American and Chinese citizens and governments.

R. Gregory Nokes retired from the Oregonian in 2004 after forty-three years in journalism. A native of Portland, he also worked for the Medford Mail Tribune and for the Associated Press, including four years as a foreign correspondent in Latin America and fifteen years in Washington, D.C. He lives in West Linn, where he is working on a book about the events at Chinese Massacre Cove.

‘Old-fashioned Revival’: Religion, Migration, and a New Identity for the Pacific Northwest at Mid Twentieth Century
Fall 2006

by David J. Jepsen

From 1940 to 1960, there was a dramatic increase in the number of conservative religious denominations in the Pacific Northwest, and evangelists such as Billy Graham enjoyed preaching to huge crowds in Portland. Using empirical and anecdotal data, David J. Jepsen explores the source of that increase and finds that it lies in the migration of southern evangelists to the region, rather than in large scale conversion of residents already living in the region. In his discussion of evangelical churches in the Pacific Northwest at mid century, Jepsen pulls in the history of evangelical success in America, the ways people from different regions viewed each other, and national agreements between churches that allowed or precluded growth.

David J. Jepsen is a historian and freelance writer. He received his M.A. from the University of Washington in 2005. A thirty-year marketing communications professional, Jepsen lives in Gig Harbor, Washington.