Recommended Educator Background Knowledge Resources
- Essential Understandings of Native Americans in Oregon provides the necessary foundation for all teaching and learning about the Indigenous people of Oregon. This guiding document also serves as the basis for all Tribal History, Shared History lessons.
- Critical Orientations for Indigenous Studies Curriculum is another guiding document used by the creators of Tribal History, Shared History and offers educators a framework for orienting their teachings using the 6 Ps: place, presence, perspectives, political nationhood, power, and partnerships.
Recommended Resources for Background Information and Extensions in the Classroom
- The First Oregonians, a collection of essays co-published by the Oregon Council for the Humanities and Oregon State University. Recommended reading is Chapter 6: Federal-Indian Relations.
- Teaching Critically about Lewis and Clark: Challenging Dominant Narratives in K–12 Curriculum by Alison Schmitke, Leilani Sabzalian, and Jeff Edmundson provides background information and ready-to-use lessons based on primary sources.
- For more background knowledge and lessons, see the 4th grade curriculum from The Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde. Curriculum from other Tribes will be added soon.
- For more background knowledge on the relationship between Oregon Tribes and the land, view the following short interview excerpts with several different tribal members from around Oregon. These can also be shared with students.
Tanna Engdahl, Cowlitz: “Of Course We Wouldn’t Leave” (run time: 3:24 minutes)
Bill Yallup Jr. Yakama, Rock Creek: Connection to Place (run time: 2:47 minutes)
Greg Archuleta, The Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde: Plants Are Waiting to Return (run time: 1:28 minutes)
Bobbie Conner, Cayuse/Nez Perce/Umatilla: Intestinal Fortitude (run time: 2:24 minutes)
Tony Johnson, Chinook: Connection to Place (run time: 1:19 minutes)
Louie Pitt, Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs: You Have to Know “Where You’re From” (run time: 1:23 minutes)
Bill Yallup Jr, Yakama: All That Lives (run time: 2:22 minutes)
- For thousands of years and into the present day, Native peoples have studied, cared for, honored, been shaped by, and thrived in the land of Oregon.
- Maps are tools that help us to better understand multiple aspects of a place. Indigenous peoples in Oregon are diverse, and there are many ways that different Tribes relate to the land.
- Tribes and Indigenous communities continue to thrive in Oregon despite facing extreme adversity.
- Students can demonstrate basic geography skills.
- Students can identify significant geographical features of Oregon.
- Students demonstrate essential understandings regarding the Indigenous peoples of Oregon.
- Students can research and write about current events.
- Students can present and analyze relevant information.
Menu of Lessons
Pre-Visit Lesson One: Since Time Immemorial — Mountains and Stories
Students review how Oregon mountains were created, read a Molalla story about Mount Hood, and begin creating their map of the Oregon region by adding Mount Hood, other mountains/mountain ranges, and their own location. Students also add a compass rose and a key.Download now (PDF)
Pre-Visit Lesson Two: Water as Provider
Students explore the importance of water both in their own lives and the lives of Oregon’s Native peoples through reflection, discussion, artifact analysis, and watching a short oral history. Students add waterways to their map: major rivers, lakes, and the ocean.Download now (PDF)
Pre-Visit Lesson Three: Geography and Language Groups
Students learn about chinuk wawa and other Indigenous languages. They consider the relationship among languages, people groups, and geography.Download now (PDF)
Oregon Historical Society Museum Visit: Experience Oregon Note Sheet
While students explore the Experience Oregon exhibit, they look for information that will answer questions around the relationship of Oregon Indigenous peoples with geography. Students fill out an OHS Experience Oregon Note Sheet to support previous lessons and prepare students for the post-visit lessons.Download now (PDF)
Post-Visit Lesson One: Debrief Experience Oregon Visit
Students reflect and share what they learned from their visit to Experience Oregon and add tribal headquarter locations to their maps.Download now (PDF)
Post-Visit Lesson Two: Broken Treaties
Students view the OPB/OHS documentary Broken Treaties, An Oregon Experience (59:19 mins) to gain insight into the history of Oregon’s Native peoples over the past 200 years.Download now (PDF)
Post-Visit Lesson Three: Indigenous Oregon Today
Students research a contemporary Indigenous person, place, or event in Oregon and complete a research sheet to share their findings.Download now (PDF)
Post-Visit Lesson Four: Complete Maps
Students return to the maps they created during the pre-visit lessons and add facts they recorded during the visit and other finishing details.Download now (PDF)
Optional Lesson: Mapping Trade
Students learn about Celilo Falls, The Dalles Rendez-Vous, and the significance of these places within American trade systems through listening to interviews, observing photographs, and reading maps. Students add trade sites and routes to their personal maps.Download now (PDF)
Thank You, Community Partners!
We would like the thank the following organizations and individuals for sharing knowledge and materials for this unit: