Volume 104, No. 1
Rodeo Queens at the Pendleton Round-Up: The First Go-Round, 1910-1917, by Renee M. Laegreid
Throughout the early years of the twentieth century, boosters in many western cities developed festivals, parades, fairs, and rodeos to promote their city’s heritage and future potential to the rest of the nation and the world. These events were infused with Americans’ fascination with European royalty and often included the selection of a local young woman as “queen” to oversee the festivities. Renee Laegreid explores this phenomenon by looking at the history of the Pendleton Round-Up, held annually in the fall in Pendleton, Oregon, and the ritual of choosing its first eight queens.
Painting the Philippines with an American Brush: Visions of Race and National Mission among the Oregon Volunteers in the Philippine Wars of 1898 and 1899, by Sean McEnroe
Winner of the 2003 Joel Palmer Award (read the article)
During the summer of 1898, the United States expanded its war on Spain from Cuba to the Philippine Islands in the South Pacific. When American troops first landed in the Philippines, a contingent of the Oregon Second Volunteer Infantry among them, they supported Filipino insurgents’ efforts to oust the Spanish from their homeland. Upon the defeat of the Spanish, U.S. interest in annexing the islands superceded Filipinos’ desires for independence, and hostilities erupted between the two former allies. Drawing from extensive personal correspondence of members of the Oregon Second Volunteer Infantry, Sean McEnroe examines the changing racial definitions and stereotypical characteristics ascribed to Filipinos by U.S. soldiers. He finds striking similarities between the changing views and conduct of American soldiers during that war and the actions taken toward Indians and blacks in the United States during that same time period and previously.
Looking Backward at Edward Bellamy’s Influence in Oregon, 1888-1936, by James J. Kopp
In 1888, Edward Bellamy’s utopian novel Looking Backward 2000-1887 was published, and although it received mixed critical reviews, its proposal to actively engineer a more equitable society struck a cord with social reformers of the day. Building on the book’s popularity, Nationalist Clubs were formed around the country and internationally to advance the ideals expressed in the book. While Bellamy’s followers were few in number in Oregon, James Kopp finds clear links between Bellamy’s reformist ideals and those of similarly-minded citizens around the state. Using archival photographs and written documents, Kopp traces the history of several cooperative colonies founded on Bellamy’s principles and reveals the legacy of Bellamy within Oregon’s reform heritage.
British Newspapers and the Oregon Treaty of 1846, by Thomas C. McClintock
For more than two decades, the United States and Great Britain were unable to resolve the “Oregon Question,” which would determine the location of the boundary line between the United States and British Canada. Beginning in 1818, the two nations repeatedly agreed to joint occupation of the region, but in the early 1840s, political forces on both sides of the Atlantic forced a permanent resolution. Historian Thomas C. McClintock documents those forces and the role British newspapers played in cultivating and winning public opinion for setting the permanent boundary line at 54° 40" of north latitude.
Our Ways: History and Culture of Mexicans in Oregon, by Nancy Nusz and Gabriella Ricciardi
Documenting and preserving the history of Oregon’s Latino community has been a focus of the OHS Folklife Program through a multiyear project named Las Artes Tradicionales en la Communidad. The oral histories, photographs, and written documents collected during the project culminated in a “four-panel, bilingual, traveling exhibit that explores the early history, work, community celebrations, arts, and culture of Mexicans in Oregon.” This article follows the development of the exhibit and offers a sample of its contents. In keeping with the exhibit’s desire to reach as wide an audience as possible, “Our Ways” incorporates both Spanish and English text, making it the first bilingual article to appear in the Oregon Historical Quarterly.
Tamástslikt Cultural Institute
Alvin Josephy, Jr., A Walk toward Oregon: A Memoir, reviewed by Katrine Barber
Stephen Haycox, Alaska: An American Colony, reviewed by Kathryn Morse
William E. Farr and William W. Bevis, editors, Fifty Years after The Big Sky: New Perspectives on the Fiction and Films of A.B. Guthrie, Jr., reviewed by Elliott West
Jeffrey F. Burton, Mary M. Farrell, Florence B. Lord, and Richard W. Lord, Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites, reviewed by Gail Lee Dubrow
Michael Baughman and Charlotte Hadella, Warm Springs Millennium: Voices from the Reservation, reviewed by Jarold Ramsey
Kenneth L. Holmes, editor, Covered Wagon Women, vol. 10, Diaries and Letters from the Western Trails, 1879–1903, and Covered Wagon Women, vol. 11, Diaries and Letters from the Western Trails, 1869–1903, reviewed by David M. Wrobel
Darlis Miller, Mary Hallock Foote: Author-Illustrator of the American West, reviewed by Judy Nolte Temple
Elizabeth Grossman, Watershed: The Undamming of America, reviewed by Jeff Crane
Joseph A. Amato, Rethinking Home: A Case for Writing Local History, and selected titles on local history, reviewed by Richard H. Engeman