Spring 2008

Issue 109:1

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In this Issue:

“Notes on Native American Place-names of the Willamette Valley Region”

by Henry Zenk

Linguist Henry Zenk examines aspects of Native languages that survive on maps of Oregon’s Willamette Valley–region as “English proper nouns attached to landscape features.” Using ethnographic and linguistic sources, Zenk’s “Notes” supplement Lewis A. McArthur and Lewis L. McArthur’s Oregon Geographic Names with the stories behind thirty-nine place-names based in or linked to Native languages, including familiar names such as Beaverton, Cascade Range, and Willamette. An appendix of ten “Names of Obscure Origin” is also included.

“‘we should lose much by their absence’: The Centrality of Chinookans and Kalapuyans to Life in Frontier Oregon”

by Mathias D. Bergmann

Historian Mathias D. Bergmann considers the contributions of Chinookan and Northern Kalapuyan people to society during the period between 1810, when Euro-Americans established the first permanent settlement in what it now Oregon, and the mid-1840s, when the newcomers gained political and socio-economic control of the region. Using Euro-American journals from the early-nineteenth century, missionary and Hudson’s Bay Company documents, and historical and ethnographic publications from the late-twentieth century, Bergmann makes the argument that Chinookan and Northern Kalapuyan peoples’ cultural and economic beliefs and practices had significant impact on frontier society in the Lower Columbia.

“Making ‘Good Music’: The Oregon Symphony and Music Director Jacques Singer, 1962–1971”

by Genevieve J. Long

With a focus on the leadership of conductor Jacques Singer, writer Genevieve J. Long documents the major changes that the Oregon Symphony underwent during the 1960s. Drawing on newspaper articles, interviews with musicians, and surveys conducted by the symphony organization, Long argues that Singer aided the organization’s fundraising and publicity goals but also aggravated musicians and colleagues who found him “difficult, even abusive.” Long concludes that the controversy surrounding Singer’s eventual departure is a significant incidence of public dialogue about music and cultural institutions.

Research Files
“Discovering Gold in Baker County Library’s Photograph Collection”

by Gary Dielman

In his description of the historic photograph collection at Baker County Library, curator Gary Dielman explores the contributions images make to our understanding of the past. He looks carefully at photographs by Martin Mason Hazeltine, who worked in Baker City during the late-1800s, and at photographs of local gold mines, dredges, and related activities that were donated to the library as part of Brooks Hawley’s set of ten annotated albums.

Oregon Voices
“Artist Ray Strong: An Enduring Vision of the Oregon Landscape”

by Mark Humpal

Beginning his story with centenarian Ray Strong’s 2005 visit to Steens Mountain, where he sketched Kiger Gorge from his wheelchair, art historian Mark Humpal traces the life and work of one of the most prolific painters of the Oregon landscape. During his teenage years, Strong studied with Clyde Keller, painting on location on Mount Hood, along the Columbia Slough, and on Sauvie Island. He later studied at the California School of Fine Arts in San Francisco and the Art Students League in New York, and then lived most of his life in California, but Strong continually returned to his home state to paint its diverse landscapes.

Oregon Voices
“A Look at The Veracious Chronicles of the Cliff Cottage Club”

by Carole Glauber

Wheat magnate Peter Kerr is perhaps best known as one of Portland’s Progressive Era elite, but author Carole Glauber reveals a more personal side of his life in her look at the scrapbook he kept from 1897 to 1905. In The Veracious Chronicles of the Cliff Cottage Club, Kerr reveals his own sense of humor as well as the recreational aspects of life, including pranks, tennis, and golf, that he and other Portland elites indulged in during the turn of the last century.