History of Oregon by Oregon Historical Society
homeHistorical RecordsMayor Carson & Students for Clean River Measure

Mayor Carson & Students for Clean River Measure

Catalog Number: CN 001253
Date: November 5, 1938
Era: (1929-1945) Great Depression and World War II
Type: photograph
Author: Oregon Journal Collection
Themes: People and the Environment, Politics and Government, Towns and Cities
Credits: Oregon HistoricalSociety
• Portland Metropolitan Area
Related Documents:
Rusty Automobiles, Willamette River, West Salem
  featured image  
Mayor Carson & Students for Clean River Measure // CN 001253

enlarge this image

On Nov. 5, 1938, Portland Mayor Joseph Carson rallied with thousands of students in front of City Hall to support two voter initiatives to clean up the Willamette River. An unidentified photographer working for the Portland Photo Art studio took this photograph.

Several days after the rally, Portland voters passed a city initiative to fund a new sewer system through increased water rates and federal moneys. State-wide, Oregon voters overwhelmingly passed another initiative aimed at cleaning up the Willamette River. The “Water Purification and Prevention of Pollution Bill” created the Oregon State Sanitary Authority to implement and oversee river clean up.

People first began to notice serious pollution on the Willamette River in the 1920s. Chemical waste from pulp mills and raw sewage depleted the river’s oxygen content, killing fish, creating a foul stench, and making the river unusable for swimming.

While voters approved both clean-up measures, little was actually done to improve the river’s water quality. Work began on the Portland sewer system, but World War II interrupted the construction and it was not completed until the early 1950s. In addition, the state was reluctant to press the major polluters, the pulp mills, to reduce their waste. The state instead focused on using dams to control river flow and dilute the pollution. It wasn’t until the 1970s that Oregon forced pulp mills to upgrade their equipment and reduce chemical waste outputs into the river.

Written by Kathy Tucker, © Oregon Historical Society, 2002.

home | narratives | teachers | biographies | timeweb | historic viewers | feedback | permissions | search

© 2002 Presented by Oregon Historical Society
All Rights Reserved. E-Mail: orhist@ohs.org
creditsgo to ohs.org